The Ericsson method is one of the very few methods of gender selection that are still available in the UAE and several other countries around the world, though many experts feel that this method is not as successful to select the gender of a child as some other methods, which have no known margin of error. The error rate in this case is about 30-40%.
Day of Insemination
The Ericsson method is carried out on the day that the mother is expected to ovulate and involves separating the X (female) and Y (male) sperm and then artificially inseminating the selected sperm into the female. Careful tracking of the monthly cycle is highly advised, and no in-vitro fertilization is needed.
It relies on the fact that male and female sperm act in completely different ways; male sperm swim faster than females, although females are much more resilient and should live for longer.
On the morning of the expected ovulation, the couple will go to a medical facility and the male will provide a semen sample. If the couple has chosen to have a female sperm inseminated, the female will also take Clomid to aid the process of conceiving a female baby.
Step 2: Test tube separation of X and Y sperm
The sperm are placed into a test tube along with a substance called albumin in increasingly thickened layers. The sperm will then swim their way down through the different layers. Working on the principle that only the fastest sperm will make it to the bottom.
The selected sperm is then artificially inseminated into the female to await conception.
The success rates of the Ericsson (albumin) method are more favourable for parents wanting to conceive a boy, with the success rate reaching around 65%. Whereas parents wanting a girl may find a success rate of around 60-62%.