An STD is a sexually transmitted disease, and an STI is a sexually transmitted infection. Many STD start out as STI because the word “infection” means that a person has an illness, but may not be showing symptoms of the illness, whereas “disease” typically means that the person is showing symptoms of an illness.
Some common types of STIs/STDs:
(LGV) Lymphogranuloma venereum
HPV (human papilloma virus)
HSV (herpes simplex virus – type 2)
Ways of testing/screening for STDs/STIs
Many STDs and STIs can be detected from a simple blood sample, while others can only be detected from urine or a swab (inside of mouth, urethra, cervix, discharge, or sores).
Why should you get a routine STD/STI screening?
All sexually active people can acquire, therefore, spread STDs and STIs, so routine screenings not only protect you, but your spouse and potential child as well. A routine STD/STI screening means that you get tested for STDs and STIs even though you are not showing symptoms. This routine screening is similar to other yearly health screening like female health screening (gynecological/pelvic exams), mammograms (breast health), and men health screenings. It is important to receive routine screenings because early detection of diseases means earlier treatment and better health.
We offer a partial and a full STD/STI screening package. The partial package (STD screening for PCR [polymerase chain reaction – an analytical laboratory technique]) uses a swab sample (vaginal, urine, urethral, semen) to test for Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, Gardenerella, Trichomonas, Mycoplasma species, Ureaplasma species, and HSV 2. The full package includes both a blood test for HIV, HCV, HbSAg (hepatitis B antigen), and RPR (syphilis), and a swab tests for Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, Gardnerella (bacertial vaginosis), Trichomonas, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, and HSV 2. We also offer individual STD/STI testing.